مرور سیستماتیک عوامل فردی موثر بر عملکرد شتابدهنده‌ها

نوع مقاله: مدیریت کارآفرینی سازمانی(سیاستهای کارآفرینانه -کارآفرینی سازمانی)

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد چالوس، چالوس، ایران

2 استاد گروه مدیریت، دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و اداری، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه مدیریت دولتی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد چالوس

4 استادیار گروه مدیریت، دانشگاه آزاد چالوس، چالوس، ایران

10.22080/jem.2020.17909.3087

چکیده

منابع انسانی در هر سازمانی بعنوان عامل تعیین کننده بهبود عملکرد آن سازمان می باشند بر همین اساس مطالعه نقش آنها  در سازمانهای شتابدهنده کسب­وکارها، از اهمیت ویژه­ای برخوردار است. هدف تحقیق حاضر مطالعه و استخراج عوامل فردی موثر بر عملکرد شتابدهنده­ها با روش مرور سیستماتیک (فرا ترکیب) می­باشد. طبق این تکنیک، مرور دقیق و عمیقی از ادبیات تحقیق در مورد موضوع عوامل مؤثر بر عملکرد سازمانها و خاصه شتاب دهند­ها شده و در نهایت یافته­های پژوهشهای کیفی و کمی مرتبط را با هم ادغام نموده است. یافته­های تحقیق مبتنی بر 35 مقاله نهایی بررسی شده، منجر به استخراج 39 کد باز برای مجموع عوامل فردی و پنج کد محوری شامل ویژگیهای جمعیت شناختی، ویژگیهای روانشناختی، توسعه شایستگیهای شغلی، ابعاد شخصیتی و عوامل پویایی دهنده فردی شده است. در پایان پیشنهاد شده است که بمنظور بهبود عملکرد شتاب دهنده­ها، لازم است تا به این متغیرهای اصلی و متغیرهای فرعی مرتبط با آنها توجه کاربردی شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Systematic Review of Effective Individual Factors on Accelerators' Performance

نویسندگان [English]

  • Neda Hassan Poor 1
  • Hassanali Aghajani 2
  • davood kia kojouri 3
  • mohammad javad taghi pourian 4
1 PhD Student , Islamic Azad University of Chaloos. Chaloos, Iran
2 Professor, Management department,, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Public Administration, Islamic Azad University of Chaloos, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Public Administration, Islamic Azad University of Chaloos, Chaloos, Iran
چکیده [English]

Human resources are the key elements to improve organizational performance. Among other aspects, in particular, this factor plays an important role in accelerating business agility in organizations. This study is aimed to investigate effective individual factors on the performance of accelerators. Due to research that, a Systematic Review has been implied as to the method, and pertaining this technique, coordinate and deep surfing has been done on the literature; so that, relevant qualitative and quantitative research works have been integrated together. The final examined results of this study are based on the finding of 35 papers. 39 open codes as the sum of the components of individual capabilities are extracted and from this, five main core codes are detected as demographic characteristics, psychological characteristics, job recruitment merits, personality dimensions, and Individual dynamics factors. Literature surfing has been done with more accentuation about psychological characteristics more than the other ones. As a result, it has been suggested that in order to improve the performance of accelerators, a keen eye must be kept on these three individual variables.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Systematic Reveiw
  • Capabilitie Individual
  • Performance
  • Accelerator
Abdolmanafi, S. Ghafari, N. & Hasanzadeh, N. (2016). The Relationship between Empowerment and Performance Level in National Standard Organizations, Journal of Management and Accounting Studies, II (1), 239-250. (In Persian)

Abolalayi, B. (2018). Performance Management, Managers Guide for Assessing and Improving Employee Performance,Industrial Management Organization(IMO). 1-176. (In Persian)

Ahlf, Henning. Sven Horak, Andreas Klein. & Sung-Won, Yoon (2019). Demographic homophily, communication and trust in intra-organizational business relationshipps, Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, Emerald Publishing Limited,Volume 34 (2),pp1-14

Al Mughrabi, Abdullah.Martin & Jaeger (2016). Utilising a capability maturity model to optimise project based learning – case study, Pages 679-692https://doi.org/10.1080/03043797.2017.1401594,American Review of Public Administration, 1 –15, DOI: 10.1177/0275074019855469.

Andersen, L. B., Boesen, A., & Pedersen, L. H. (2016). Performance in public organizations: Clarifying the conceptual space, Public Administration Review, (76), pp. 852-862.

Armstrung, M. (1991). Personal management practice.4 th-ed. Kogan. Pp1-975

Avey, James B. Luthans, Fred. Smith, Ronda M. Palmer, & Noel F. (2010), Impact of Positive Psychological Capital on Employee Well-Being Over Time,Management Department Faculty Publications. Pp 1-55.

Bharali, John Baruah. Nomi, Baruah. Dipankar, & Dekaraja. (2017). An Advanced Approach to People Capability Maturity Model, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, ISO 3297:2007 Certified Vol. 6. Pp35-53

Biglar, E., Goodarzi, M., Naghizadeh, M. (2016). Prioritizing factors affecting the success of biotechnology accelerators in Iran, Thesis, Allameh Tabatabaei University. pp1-83. (In Persian)  

Bliemel, MJde. Klerk, SFlores. & RMiles, MP. (2018) Emergence of accelerators and accelerator policy: the case of Australia,Edward Elgar Publishing, eISBN: 978 1 78643 409 8.

Breznitz, S. & Q. Zhang (2019). Fostering the growth of student start-ups from university accelerators: An entrepreneurial ecosystem  perspective, Industrial and Corporate Change, 28(4), 855–873.

Brown, Ross, Suzanne Mawson, Neil Lee, & Lauren Peterson, (2019) Start-up factories, transnational entrepreneurs and entrepreneurial ecosystems: unpacking the lure of start-up accelerator programmes, european planning studies, 27, 885–904.

Choi, Yunsoo, & Kim Dohyeon (2018), The effects of investor types on investees’ performance: Focusing on the seed accelerator, Economics & Finance, 6, 1-19.

ChulHy Uhm, Chang Soo Sung, Joo Yeon Park, (2018) Understanding the accelerator from resources-based perspective, Asia Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Vol. 12, pp. 258-278 

Cohen, Susan, Daniel C. Fehder, Yael V. Hochberg, Fiona Murray (2019). The design of startup accelerators, Research Policy, Volume 48, Pages 1781-1797.

Colombo, M. G., C. Rossi-Lamastra & M. Wright (2018). ‘Accelerators: insights for a research agenda,’ in M. Wright and I. Drori (eds), Accelerators: Successful Venture Creation and Growth. Edward Elgar Publishing: Cheltenham, UK, pp. 188–203

Curtis, Bill (2019). Organizational Maturity: The Elephant Affecting Productivity,pp 241-250 -http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Daneshfard, K., Safari, P. (2015). Investigating individual and Organizational factors on the performance of cadets of government agencies of West Azarbaijan Province, Journal of Productivity Management, Vol. 9, No. 35, pp. 173-194. (In Persian)

Drori, I. and M. Wright (2018). Accelerators: characteristics, trends and the new entrepreneurial,’ in M. Wright and I. Drori (eds),Accelerators: Successful Venture Creation and Growth. Edward Elgar Publishing: Cheltenham, UK, pp. 1–20

Dursta,Susanne, Christoph Hintereggerb, Malgorzata Ziebac(2019) The linkage between knowledge risk management and organizationalperformance,Journal of Business Research,vol 105 ,pp 1–10, www.elsevier.com/locate/jbusres

Etebariyan, A., Azarbayjan, K., Salehizadeh, S., Arminand, A. H. (2012). Effective Factors Affecting Employees According to Achio Model, Shariati Hospital Staff Isfahan,Journal of Health Information Management, 9 (7), 1047-1057. (In Persian)

Ezati, Mitra (2012). Investigating the Effective Factors on Educational Performance of Academic Departments, Qualitative Study, Journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education, (3), 33-45. (In Persian)

Fehder, D. & Y. Hochberg (2018). Can accelerators accelerate local high-growth entrepreneurship? Evidence from venture-backed startup activity,’ University of Southern CaliforniaWorking Paper. http: /yael-hochberg.com

Fei Qin, Mike Wright, & Jian Gao (2019). Accelerators and intra-ecosystem variety: How entrepreneurial agency influences venture development in a time-compressed support program. Industrial and Corporate Change , 28(4), 961-975.

Gonzalez-Uribe, J., & Leatherbee, M. (2018). The effects of business accelerators on venture performance: Evidence from start-up Chile. Review of Financial Studies, 31(4), 1566–1603.

 Gorgi, M. B. (2009) Evaluation of Impact of Empowerment on Employees' Performance, Management Quarterly, Seventh, No. 17, pp. 38- 48. (In Persian)

Goswami, K., J. R. Mitchell & S. Bhagavatula (2018). Accelerator expertise: understanding the intermediary role of accelerators in the development of the Bangalore entrepreneurial ecosystem, Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 12(1), 117–150.

Gyeo Reh Lee, Shinwoo Lee, Deanna Malatesta, Sergio Fernandez(2019). Outsourcing and Organizational Performance: The Employee Perspective, American Review of Public Administration,pp1-14, DOI: 10.1177/0275074019855469.

Hafezian, M., & Adly, F. (2015). The Role of Emotional Intelligence Components of Managers in Improving the Performance of University Employees, Journal of Research in Educational Research, 11(45), 13-26. (In Persian)

Hallen, Bingham & Cohen. (2014). Do Accelerators Accelerate? A Study of Venture Accelerators as a Path to Success. Working paper.pp 1-317

Hochberg Yael V. (2015). Accelerating Entrepreneurs and Ecosystems: The seed accelerator Model, Rice University,pp1-33https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pacfin.05.013

Imran Naseem, Amna Sikandar, Nazish Hameed, & Ruqia Khan,(2012). Factors Affecting Employees’ Performance: Evidence From Pakistan, Science Series Data Report, 4, 1-22.

Jafari M., Maleki M., Eyvazi M., Khodayari R. & Ahadi B. (2013). The study of relationship between job burnout and performance in East Azerbaijan’s health house workers, J Health Syst Res.vol 9(11): pp 84. (In Persian)

Jesemann,  Isabella R. & Alanus von Radecki, (2019).  Local Accelerator Programs Towards Increasing Innovation Within Smart Cities,  25th International Conference on Production Research Manufacturing Innovation: Cyber Physical Manufacturing August 9-14, Chicago, Illinois (USA)

 Jing Lee Alice (2017). Exploring the Role of People Capability Maturity Model and Identifying People-Related Critical Success Factors in Large-Scale Organization with Agile Practice, Thesis of PhD in Management at the University of St. Gallen,pp1-91

 Khorasani, M. & Fatemeti M. (2016). Comparative Study of Effective Factors on Employee Performance and Improvement,Second International Management Review Conference in the Third Millennium.pp1-12 (In Persian)

Kiggundo, M. N. (2002), Entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship in Africa: What is known and what needs to be done, Journl of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 7(3), pp. 239-258

Kohler,Thomas (2016). Corporate accelerators: Building bridges between corporations and startups, Business Horizons - Volume 59, Issue 3, Pages 347–357

Koojeryha, Ali Taherkhani, Seulukdar, Alireza, Marjani, Amirbabak, (2015). Investigating the Effective Factors on Human Resource Performance of the National Bank of Iran, Master thesis, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Faculty of Management, Executive Management Group.pp1-9 (In Persian)

Lange, Ginger (2018). The Value of Business Incubators and Accelerators from the Entrepreneurs Perspective, Dissertation, Georgia State University.

Selek Ghaffari, P. & Maleki, A. (2016). Explaining the Distinctive Characteristics of Accelerators in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Iran, Thesis, Sharif University of Technology, Faculty of Management and Economics. 1-68(In Persian)

Mansoori, Yashar, Tomas Karlsson, & Mats Lundqvist (2019). The influence of the lean startup methodology on entrepreneur-coach relationships in the context of a startup accelerator, Technovation 84–85, 37–47

Martin Bliemel, Ricardo Flores, Saskia De Klerk , Morgan P. Miles(2018)Accelerators as start-up infrastructure for entrepreneurial clusters,Journal  Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Pages 133-149, https://doi.org/10.1080/08985626.2018.1537152

Montazeri, Mohammad, Mehr Vakili, Seyed Rahman (2016) A Survey on the Relationship between Employees' Mental Pattern and Their Empowerment in Yazd University of Medical Sciences, Yazd School of Public Health, Fifteen Years, (6), pp. 61 to 70. (In Persian)

Moorhed, G., & Griffin, R.W. (2003). Organizational behavior.Tehran: Morvarid Press (in Persian)

Moradi, M., & Jalilian, H. R. (2015). The Impact of Psychological Empowerment on Organizational Performance of Naja Staff,Quarterly Journal of Supervision and Inspection, Ninth Year, (31), 73-97. (In Persian)

Mosaferchi, Sepidarkish, Mortezapour Soufiani,  Momenian, Nasiri, Zakerian, Yaseri (2018) Role of Effective Individual Factors in Nurses'Job Performance. A Case Study of Selected Hospitals in Tehran,Occupational Medicine Quarterly Journal 10 (1), 54-61. (In Persian)

Motowidlo S.J. (2003). Job performance. Handbook of psychology.

Moussa Khani, Morteza, Hamidi, Naser, Najafi, Zahra (2010). Prioritizing the Factors Affecting the Performance of Education Managers Using Multiple Decision Techniques, Educational Innovation Schedule, 34, ninth year, 127 to 156. (In Persian)

Nekovei Moghaddam, Mahmoud, Pirmoradi Bazjanji, Narges (2010)The Role of Individual Differences and Personality Characteristics of Employees in Their Organizational Behavior,Journal of Management, Fourth, (14), 1-19.

Nemati , Somayeh, Khaef Elahi, Ahmad Ali, DanaeeFard , Hasan, Azar, Adel(2017) Identifying and Ranking the Factors Affecting the Performance of Value-Oriented Human Resources in the Iranian Public Sector with FAHP, Quarterly Journal of Public Organizations Management 5 (3), 67-82 (In Persian)

Pauwels, C., Clarysse, B., Wright, M., & Van Hove, J. (2015). Understanding a new generation incubation model: The accelerator. Technovation.Pages 13-24 www.elsevier.com/locate/technovation

Rahimi, Mahnaz, Yazdkhasti, Ali, Golabi, Amir Mohammad, Mehrabi, Rosa (2016) Designing the Activity Model for the Accelerated Business Centers in Iran, Master's thesis, Kashan University. 1-94(In Persian)

Robbins, S.P. (2005). Essentials of organizational behavior. Eightedition New Jersey. Pearson Prentice Hall. Inc. 509.

Ruta Kazlauskaite, Ilona Buciuniene, Linas Turauskas, (2011),"Organisational and psychological empowerment in the HRM performance linkage",Employee, Relations, www.emeraldinsight. com/0142-5455.htm,  34 (2) , 138 – 158.

Sabet, Abbas, Yidolahi, Hosein, Razaghi, Saeed, Shakarzadeh Shirazi, Mohammad Hussein (2017) Investigating effective organizational and psychological factors on the development and improvement of job performance of faculty members, Journal of Management Strategies in Health System, Year 2, Number 3, 163 to 172. (In Persian)

Sihem Ben Mahmoud-Jouini, Corentin Duvert , Mathilde Esquirol(2019) Developing an effective corporate accelerator requires close attention to the relationships between startups and the sponsoring company, Journal  Research-Technology Management,Volume 61, Issue 4, Pages 26-34  https://doi.org/10.1080/08956308.2018.1471274

Singh, S., Darwish, T. K., & Potočnik, K. (2016). Measuring organizational performance: A case for subjective measures. British Journal of Management, 27, 214-224.

Soltani, H., Parsa Nasab, M. & Rashidi, M. M. (2013) Evaluation of Performance Evaluation System and Effective Motivational-Cultural Factors on Improvement of Employees Performance in Cereal Enterprises and Business Services of 12th Region, Journal of Productivity Management, Number 26, 147 -174. (In Persian)

Taher, B. (2015). Factors Affecting Human Resources,Social, Economic, Scientific, and Cultural Workers and Societies, (190), 58-71. (In Persian)

Urbaniec, Maria, & Żur, Agnieszka,(2020). Business model innovation in corporate entrepreneurship: exploratory insights from corporate accelerators, International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-020-00646-1

Waleed Ahmed & Abdel-Razek (2011). Factors Affecting the Effectiveness of the Job Performance of the Specialists Working in the Youth Care at Helwan University, World Journal of Sport Sciences, 4 (2): pp116-125.

Yavari, Hossein, Roshan, Seyyed Aligholi, & Vafaadar, Milad (2016).  Explaining and Studying the Role of Accelerators in the Development and Performance of Start-ups in Iran, M.Sc., University of Sistan and Baluchestan.

Yin-Che Chen, & Yen-Jung Wang (2016). Application and development of the people capability maturity model level of an organization,Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, 29, 34-49

Cao, Yue, & Lu, Yu (2018). The individual characteristics of board members and internal control weakness: Evidence from China, Pacific-Basin Finance Journal,51, 75-94.

Zarei, Reza, Seyed Ebrahim, Mangabe, & Gharbahi, Mohammad Reza (2019). The Influence of Individual Characteristics and Academic Background on Students' Ten Fields of Learning and Study Strategies,Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Studies, Issue 17, pp. 161-180. (In Persian)

Zimmer L. (2006). Qualitative meta-synthesis: a question of dialoguing with texts". Journal of Advanced Nursing, (53) 311–318.